The Pages of Tech History

A look at the evolution of technology from the pages of Computerworld

Boxes of magazines
The Patrick J. McGovern Foundation retrieved dozens of boxes of old IDG publications from storage and has worked with the Internet Archive to scan and preserve them for the public.

The Foundation has embarked on a storytelling project to share the legacy of Patrick J. McGovern’s visionary contributions to technology for good and to chronicle the evolution of how the digital transformation has benefited society. Our ongoing technology history project, led by MIT undergraduate Kathleen Esfahany, highlights milestones starting from the June 21, 1967 first issue of Computerworld, the flagship publication of Patrick J. McGovern’s technology publishing company, IDG. We will continue to share stories of tech development and innovation from the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s.

By Deborah O’Neil

BOSTON – In 1964, a young Patrick J. McGovern founded a small publishing company in his Newton, Mass home that would focus on the emergence of computer technology. Back then, computers were expensive, highly specialized and limited in use. Yet, the 27-year-old MIT graduate was years ahead of his time in envisioning the computer revolution, and he set out to document this transformation with the launch of his first magazine, Computerworld. His company, International Data Group or IDG, became a global publishing giant and Computerworld was its flagship publication, chronicling the history of computer technology.

More than fifty years after the launch of Computerworld, the Patrick J. McGovern Foundation has embarked on a storytelling project to share that history and trace the evolution of how computer technology has benefited society. The storytelling is led by fellow MIT Beaver Kathleen Esfahany, an undergraduate computer science major who remembers seeing Computerworld magazines around her house growing up. 

The project began in 2017, when the Foundation worked with IDG to retrieve dozens of boxes of IDG print magazines stored in a Framingham, MA warehouse. Then, the Foundation arranged for all of the issues to be preserved by the world’s digital free library, the Internet Archive. A team of archivists housed in the Boston Public Library digitally scanned Computerworld and other print publications of IDG. The issues can be viewed and downloaded as PDFs at

As the Foundation’s Technology and Communications Intern, Kathleen mined issues of Computerworld and developing a storytelling series that highlights technology milestones, experimentations and policy. “Poring over the Computerworld archives gave me a newfound appreciation for how greatly technological innovation has transformed society. Computers have augmented everything from voting systems to medical testing. With each story I wrote, I found myself being transported back in time and feeling amazed at the impact of technology that we take for granted today.”

1980s: Rise of Data, Email and AI

1980s model 5140 laptop with small screen and three blue floppy disks
Laptop computer, model 5140, sometimes known as a PC convertible, made by IBM, New York, USA. The IBM Personal Computer System was introduced to the market in early 1981, at a time when IBM was the world’s largest mainframe computer manufacturer. (Photo by SSPL/Getty Images)

Jan. 30, 1984: Email recognized as important future business technology

Jan. 30, 1984: IRS streamlines operations with computer vision and digital storage

Feb. 16, 1987: SQL establishes dominance in database query language arena

Feb. 15, 1988: Neural networks generate interest and innovation in artificial intelligence

April 24, 1989: Museums automate collections management with custom data entry systems

1960s: Exploration & Experimentation

A woman enters data into a 1960s B-5000 computer surrounded by reels of magnetic tape units.
A woman enters data into a 1960s B-5000 computer surrounded by reels of magnetic tape units. (Photo by H. Armstrong Roberts/ClassicStock/Getty Images)

June 21, 1967: Computer languages COBOL and ADPAC revolutionize business world

Sept. 13, 1967: Americans file tax returns on magnetic tape

Oct. 11, 1967: Computer vision sees early breakthrough with “Electronic Retina” system

Nov. 1, 1967: Atomic Energy Commission’s 125 GB storage system breaks world record

Nov. 22, 1967: Analog computer simulations shake up agriculture

March 27, 1968: ASCII character encoding adopted as federal standard under President Johnson

April 3, 1968: Students rule ancient cities in early educational video games

April 3, 1968: Early visions for self-driving cars relied on computerized roadways

May 8, 1968: The Baseball Encyclopedia becomes first book with computer typesetting

June 19, 1968: First software patent awarded to Martin Goetz

June 26, 1968: Town attempts punch-card ballots and computer tabulation in 1968 elections

Dec. 4, 1968: Patentability of computer programs legally recognized in Prater and Wei

Jan. 15, 1969: Automated manufacturing transforms how post office box keys are made

Jan. 29, 1969: North Carolina installs computer system to track legislative bills

April 2, 1969: Michigan schools pioneer computerized attendance tracking

July 9, 1969: ACM hosts inaugural “Computer Music and Art Festival”

July 9, 1969: Computers lower cost and increase accuracy of eye exam

Sept. 17, 1969: Business recovers quickly after hurricane thanks to magnetic tape storage

Sept. 17, 1969: School bus route planning optimized by computer program

Oct. 1, 1969: Traffic bottlenecks relieved with automated transponder-based tolls